Google has refused to change its contracts with phone firms despite facing penalties of up to 15% of its 2014 revenue.
Google is to fight a ruling that it broke anti-monopoly laws in Russia by pre-installing its own apps on Android phones.
The country’s competition watchdog said Google abused its dominant market position by requiring mobile companies to install Google apps such as YouTube and Google Maps on its Android phones.
Russian authorities gave Google until Wednesday to change its contracts with phone firms, or face penalties of up to 15% of its 2014 revenue.
Google has not complied with the order, and has now published a blog post in Russian to explain its decision.
It said: “We intend to challenge the decision in court and explain why we believe it to be unfounded.”
It laid out five reasons why Android users have freedom of choice, and why Android features open competition on its platforms.
:: Manufacturers and carriers are not forced to install Google apps.
:: There are many ways for users to install applications, compared to other platforms.
:: Pre-installed applications include Google competitors.
:: It is easy to download and install other applications.
:: Google apps work best together, which is why some manufacturers may install several of them.
Russian search engine Yandex helped bring Google’s actions to the attention of anti-trust authorities.
It said it would welcome an “open trial” on the issue, adding: “Yandex is confident in every point of its position.”
Source: SKY NEWS